The yield of ester can be increased either by removing one of the products of the reaction as it is formed or by increasing the concentration of one of the reactants. The normal procedure is to remove water using the dehydrating agent sulfuric acid, which also acts as the catalyst. In this experiment, we will combine various alcohols with acetic and butyric acids to form esters. The esters can be identified by their distinctive odors.
2 X 25mL Acetic Acid
2 X 25mL n-Butyric Acid
1 X 25mL n-Butyl Alcohol
1 X 25mL Octyl Alcohol
1 X 25mL Methyl Alcohol
1 X 25mL Ethyl Alcohol
1 X 25mL Concentrated Sulfuric Acid
7 Glass Droppers
Small quantity exemption 173.4
THIS PACKAGE CONFORMS TO 49 CFR 173.4 for domestic highway or rail transport only
WARNING: This product can expose you to chemicals including Methanol/Methyl isobutyl ketone and Strong inorganic acid mists containing sulfuric acid, which are known to the State of California to cause cancer and reproductive harm. For more information go to http://www.P65Warnings.ca.gov.